Volume 9, Issue 2, July 2014
Dr CHOI Wai Lap
Department of Clinical Pathology Tuen Mun Hospital
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the commonest subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, accounting for about 30% to 40% of newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide and in Hong Kong. DLBCL is heterogeneous in clinical presentation, morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics and prognos is. In the WHO Classification of Tumours of the Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues published in 2008, several specific clinicopathological entities of DLBCL have been recognized, while leaving the rest to DLBCL, not otherwise specified, which is by far the most prevalent entity among the large B-cell lymphomas. In the following discussion, the term DLBCL will be used interchangeably with DLBCL, not otherwise specified....
College Newsletter Volume 23, Issue 1, May 2014
The 23:1 edition of College Newsletter is now ready: newsletter 23:1
Index of this issue:
- Message from the President
- The 22nd Annual General Meeting 2013 and the 22nd T.B. Teoh Foundation Lecture
- Membership Lists of Council, Committees and Boards 2014-2015
- The 9th Trainee Presentation Session
- Topical Update: Thyroid Dyshormonogenesis
- College Takes the Lead in Public Issues
- Out of the Whitecoat: Bridge
- Fellows¡¦ Laurels
- Announcement from the Education Committee
- Announcement from the Training and Examinations Committee
Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2014
Dr YUEN Yuet Ping
Department of Chemical Pathology Prince of Wales Hospital
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is an important preventable cause of mental retardation. To prevent irreversible brain damages caused by hypothyroidism, sufficient doses of thyroxine should be started within a few weeks after birth.(1) Since neonates with CH have no obvious or minimal clinical manifestations, biochemical screening in the newborn period has become the best public health strategy for early detection of affected neonates. In Hong Kong, a territory-wide screening programme for CH was started in 1984.(2) Cord blood samples are collected immediately after birth for measurement of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) by a single laboratory dedicated for newborn screening. The incidence of CH in...
Volume 8, Issue 2, July 2013
Prof. Paul KS Chan
Professor, Department of Microbiology, Prince of Wales Hospital The Chinese University of Hong Kong
The family Papillomaviridae is comprised of a large group of viruses found in many mammalian species. Infection with papillomaviruses can be asymptomatic or results in the development of benign or malignant neoplasia. Cervical cancer is the most important consequence, in terms of disease burden, of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. To date, the genomic sequences of more than 150 HPV types have been characterized. Of these, more than 40 types can infect the female genital tract, and at least 15 types are epidemiologically linked to cervical cancer. Over the last few years, there has been a vast increase in using HPV DNA detection as an adjunctive or primary...
Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2013
Bob Wilson MSc, FFS(RCPA), Kerri Prain, BSc, David Gillis, FRCPA FRACP FFS(RCPA) and Richard Wong GDM FRCPA FRACP FRCP.
Division of Immunology, Central Laboratory, HSSA-Pathology Queensland, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospitals, Herston, Brisbane, 4061, Australia.
The spectrum of antibodies against intracellular, cell surface and synaptic neuronal antigens has expanded rapidly in recent years. The antigenic targets include ion channels, receptors involved in neurotransmission across synapses and proteins associated with them. There are now more than twenty anti-neuronal antibodies detected in association with neurological diseases. These antibodies may be associated with underlying malignancies and are commonly referred to as paraneoplastic antibodies (PNAs). Many PNAs have...
Volume 7, Issue 2, July 2012
Dr. King Chung Lee
Consultant Pathologist, St. Paul’s Hospital
Honorary Consultant, Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Virtual microscopy using whole slide scanning has become increasingly popular in quality assurance program, teaching of pathologists and undergraduates and reproducibility studies 1-2. This concept was first extended to electron microscope (EM) about a year ago 3. This is made possible by two discoveries. Firstly, a free software component capable of stitching sequential pictures into a virtual slide that can be read by another free software. Secondly, an EM function capable of capturing up to 500 images covering a specified area automatically. Because of the simplicity acceptable degree of user intervention during the process and unsurpassed advantages over the...
Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2012
Dr W. S. Wong
Associate Consultant, Department of Pathology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Dr. K.F. Wong Chief of Service, Department of Pathology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the commonest chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of mature B-cells and affects mainly elderly. It is characterized by the presence of≥5x109/L monoclonal and often CD5+CD23+B-lymphocytes in peripheral blood. Haematogists usually have no problem in reaching the diagnosisas the majority of the cases have classical morphological and immunophenotypic features; however, it is an extremely heterogeneous disease clinically with highly variable clinical course.
Some patients are asymptomatic and do not require treatment while others progress early and require...